Nepal is a small landlocked country sandwiched between China and Nepal. A small country covering 147181 sq. km., it has diverse landscape, which includes high Himalayas in the North to the lower plain in the South. It is also diverse in culture and demography. There are over 125 casts and ethnic groups and over 121 languages.

Nepal is one of the most beautiful countries with huge natural diversity, which attracts tourists from all around the world. Hence, tourism is the priority of the Nepali state for economic growth and development.

Having a history of over 250 years as a country, Nepal has passed through many political transitions. Nepal has transformed into a federal republic recently after being under a unitary monarchical system for more than two centuries. Nepal experienced a decade of armed conflict from 1996 – 2006. Currently the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Disappeared Commission  are collecting complaints and evidence for the purpose of hearings. Nepal recently introduced a new federal system of politics through its new 2015 constitution.

Being diverse in ethnicity and caste, Nepal has different forms of Art and Culture too. From the theater of ancient ages, dances, paintings and other forms of art, there is huge diversity in culture.





Languages Spoken


approx % of population under 19

Caste/Ethnic groups